Membership Required: MCA membership (or equivalent) is required of all players in all sections of MCA tournaments, including sections which are not rated. Current membership in another state’s chess association and current membership in another country’s national chess federation are acceptable substitutes for MCA membership for players who do not reside in Michigan.  (92-02)


Membership Expiration: For tournaments that require MCA membership, said membership must be valid throughout the tournament's duration. Most non-consecutive memberships (new, or renewing after a lapse in membership) will expire on the last day of the previous month in the appropriate year (the next year for one-year memberships, the second year for two-year memberships, etc.). The only exceptions are those memberships purchased at the Michigan Open; they will expire on August 31st of the appropriate year. Example: a membership purchased in February will expire on January 31st.   (85-01)




Byes: Half-point byes are allowed in any round except the last round, if asked for in advance. One half-point bye is allowed in tournaments of up to five rounds, and two half-point byes in tournaments of more than five rounds.   (01-09)


Ratings: MCA tournaments will use ratings published in the latest available rating supplement, regardless of its cover date, and MCA will publicize this in tournament advertisements, and will urge other organizers/directors in Michigan to do the same.  Note: The USCF's distribution of the rating supplements is staggered across the country and is postdated intentionally in an attempt to standardize usage.  (85-03)


Pairings: Standard pairing rules will be followed at all MCA tournaments, using ratings wherever possible. (87-02)


Smoking: Smoking will not be allowed in the tournament room(s) of any MCA sponsored tournament. (This was a re-affirmation of a long-standing policy of the MCA).  (87-01)


Computers: Computers are not eligible to play in MCA tournaments, except in computer-eligible sections of the Michigan Postal Championship.  (92-03)


Playing Up: Players participating in the Masters/Experts/Class Tournament must play in their own class, as determined by rating. "Playing up" is not allowed, except that a player will be allowed to play up a class if his rating over the past year would place him in that class, and if his current rating is within 100 points of qualifying for that class. (90-07 Adopted 09/28/90, amended 01/30/98)


Checks: MCA will accept personal checks only from Michigan residents or current MCA members. (93-03)


Wagering: MCA does not condone wagering on skittles games at MCA-sponsored tournaments. USCF policies will be followed regarding wagering on tournament games. If wagering on skittles games at MCA-sponsored events causes any disturbance, MCA reserves the right to take whatever action the offense merits.  (93-01)




Titled players: Grandmasters and International Masters receive free entry at MCA championship tournaments.  (93-05)


Board members: By vote of those present at the general membership meeting, all MCA board members have been granted free entry to all MCA sponsored tournaments.  (86-05)


Magazine Staff: Free entry to MCA tournaments is granted for up to three members of the Editorial staff.  (98-02)




Guaranteed Prizes: Scholastic half-price entries shall count as half an entry when computing "based on" prize targets.  (97-01)


Title Eligibility: Any player in an MCA tournament is eligible to win cash prizes and their associated trophy in that tournament. To be eligible for the title and associated trophy awarded to the State Champion of each MCA tournament, the player must be an MCA member at the start of the tournament and a resident of the state of Michigan. Full-time students at a Michigan school are considered Michigan residents for this purpose.    (01-08).

State Titles: State titles will be awarded to the highest-finishing Michigan overall winner and section winners in all chess tournaments the MCA designates as a "Championship Tournament." The winner of the Michigan Open is considered Michigan's official "State Champion" for state records and national lists. The present list of such titles and tournaments is as follows:

Open Champion: Michigan Open Championship
Reserve Champion: Michigan Open Championship
Booster Champion: Michigan Open Championship
Master/Expert Champion: Master/Expert Class Championships
Expert Champion: Master/Expert Class Championships
Class A Champion: Master/Expert Class Championships
Class B Champion: Master/Expert Class Championships
Class C Champion: Master/Expert Class Championships
Class D Champion: Master/Expert Class Championships
Class E Champion: Master/Expert Class Championships
Novice Champion: Master/Expert Class Championships
Bottom-half Class Champion: Bottom-half Class Championships
Under 1900 Champion: Bottom-half Class Championships
Under 1700 Champion: Bottom-half Class Championships
Under 1500 Champion: Bottom-half Class Championships
Under 1300 Champion: Bottom-half Class Championships
Junior K-12 Champion: Junior Championship
Young Junior K-8 Champion: Young Junior Championship
Young Junior Reserve K-8 Champion: Young Junior Championship
Children's K-5 Champion: Children's Championship
Children's Reserve K-5 Champion: Children's Championship
Young Children's K-3 Champion: Young Children's Championship
Young Children's K-3 Reserve Champion: Young Children's Championship
Senior Champion: Senior Championship
Senior Reserve Champion: Senior Championship
Women's Champion: Women's Championship
Amateur Champion: Amateur Championship
Action Chess Champion: Action Championship
Quick Chess Champion: Quick Championship
Speed Chess Champion: Speed Championship
High School 9-12 Team Champions: High School 9-12 Team Championship
High School K-12 Reserve Champions: High School K-12 Team Championship
Junior High K-9 Team Champion: Junior High K-9 Team Championship
Elementary K-6 Team Champion: Elementary K-6 Team Championship
Elementary K-6 Team Champion: Elementary K-5 Team Championship
Primary K-3 Team Championship: Primary K-3 Team Championship


Trophy Awards In State Title Events: In a chess tournament or section where the highest finish by an eligible player receives a State Champion title, trophies will be awarded in the following manner:

(1) Any player who finishes in a tournament position for which a trophy is awarded is entitled to get a trophy for that particular place, regardless of whether the player is eligible for the state title.

(2) A player who wins the state title will be awarded a trophy for that honor, whether or not the player finishes in a tournament position assigned a trophy.

(3) The recommended way of facilitating these rules is to omit the words "1st place" from the engraving on the top trophy, and use only the word "Champion." (Example: the trophy for the "Michigan Amateur Champion" should use these words, rather than something like "1st place Michigan Amateur.") That way the title trophy's name plate will not need to be re-engraved. This trophy may then be awarded to whoever wins the title, regardless of tournament place. If a player ineligible for the title wins the tournament, that player will be awarded the place trophy that would have been won by the person winning the state title, and a new name plate with the appropriate engraving for 1st place will be sent. If a place trophy is unavailable for reassignment (because the state title winner did not finish in a place eligible for a trophy), the MCA will purchase a new trophy for 1st place, appropriate in size and engraving, and award it to that player.  (00-09)


Incorrect Prize Awards: It is the policy of the MCA to correct any error in the awarding of prizes, titles, or trophies at an MCA tournament. There will be a statute of limitations of 180 days from the day a tournament ends to challenge the correctness of an award. An award may be challenged by an injured party, any MCA Board member or officer, or member of the tournament staff for that event.  (01-02)


USCF Notification: The Secretary of the Michigan Chess Association will notify the United States Chess Federation of all State Champions for inclusion in the annual Chess Yearbook published in the April issue of Chess Life. Information should include: The full name of the event, plus the date and city; The full name and home town of each winner; and for scholastic teams include the full school name and city where located.  A press release should also be prepared for distribution to major newspapers and television stations in the state.  (85-05)




Perfect Scores: Any players completing an MCA tournament with perfect scores shall be declared co-champions.  (80-01)


Ties: Ties between Michigan players or teams in MCA Team Tournaments, or the Michigan Junior Championship, shall not be broken for purposes of title. Ties shall be broken for purposes of awarding non-divisible prizes. Additional trophies shall be awarded for perfect scores.  (90-03 and 00-06)


Re-entries: The tiebreak points for all opponents of a player who re-enters a tournament shall be the same. The total used will be the score of the re-entered player on the latest attempt.  (00-08)


MCA Tiebreak Rules: The Michigan Chess Association will use this ordered list of tiebreak systems in all MCA tournaments. (If a player who scored in actual play ties with one whose entire point total is due to unplayed games, tiebreak points should not be used; the player who scored in actual play wins automatically.) In team tournaments, total game points scored by all team members is the first tiebreak method used. This list conforms to all USCF rulebook requirements.  (01-01)



First, compute the adjusted score of each opponent played by counting each unplayed game (bye, forfeit, round not played after a withdrawal) as 1/2 a point. If the player involved in the tie has any unplayed games (byes, forfeits, unplayed rounds), those games count as opponents with an adjusted score of zero. Next, discard ineligible adjusted scores as specified. Players with plus scores have the lowest opponent's adjusted score dropped. Players with even scores have the highest and lowest opponent's adjusted scores dropped. Players with minus scores have the lowest opponent's adjusted score dropped. Then add the remaining adjusted scores to determine the player's tiebreak points.


 (2)  SOLKOFF.

Add the adjusted scores of all opponents (same as Modified Median except no scores discarded).



Add the scores after each round;  subtract one point for each one-point bye or forfeit win.  Example:  A player has a bye in round 1, wins in 2, loses in 3, draws in 4, wins in 5.  The cumulative tie break score is 1 + 2 + 2 + 2 1/2 + 3 1/2 -1 = 10.



If the tied players played each other, the one who wins the game wins this tiebreak. If more than two tie, all results among tied players should be considered, with rank according to plus or minus, not percentage (3-1 is "plus two" and beats 1-0 which is "plus one").



The player who plays as Black the most times wins this tiebreak.



Add the adjusted scores of each opponent defeated, plus half the adjusted scores of each opponent drawn.



Add four points for each game won, plus two points for each game drawn, plus one point for each game lost.  (This way, a win and a loss are worth more than two draws.)  Each unplayed game counts as two points.



The coin flip is used only  for  non-divisible prizes; it shall not be used to break a tie for any MCA title.




Number Of Players: The MCA Team event is defined as having three players per team.  (98-03)


Shortage Of  Players: At all MCA team events, team entries will be accepted with no fewer players than one less than full team complement. Example: three players may play as a team in a four-player team event; two may not.  (85-02)

Lineup Order: A team receiving a forfeit on the bottom board that is known to be occurring may alter its lineup by designating any player of choice to receive the forfeit, regardless of rating. The purpose of this rule is to allow a particular player normally on bottom board the opportunity to participate in an actual game. The players actually playing games must be kept in the proper order.   (01-05)


Board Order: Regarding board order in team tournaments: Rated players should generally be placed in rating order; unrated players may be placed anywhere. This should be done with fairness in mind: The strongest player on each team should play on first board, no matter whether he has a relatively high or low rating or is unrated. The tournament director may, at his discretion, change submitted player placements, after considering evidence from various sources (non-USCF ratings, other coaches, etc.).  (84-03)


Team Tiebreaks: In team tournaments, total game points scored by all team members is the first tiebreak method used (before median). (part of 88-03)




Listings: Free listing(s) in the Michigan Chess Tournament Calendar will be granted to all tournaments which require MCA membership of Michigan residents, with exceptions as noted below.  Free listing(s) are available up to one year in advance as space permits. Other listing(s) may be purchased as advertising space.  This policy in no way restricts activities of the USCF clearinghouse(s) for Michigan. Exceptions:

(1) Tournaments in the following categories may be listed, even if they do not require MCA membership:

(a) Region V regional championship tournaments

(b) USCF national championship tournaments

(c) Rated scholastic tournaments

(d) Non-rated tournaments held in conjunction with rated tournaments which do require MCA membership.

(2) Reciprocal free listing arrangements with other associations are permitted.

(3) Tournaments held on the same date(s) as MCA open state championship tournaments, or on the same date(s) as previously scheduled tournaments not sponsored by MCA within a 75-mile radius of each other, will generally not be listed.  One-day tournaments reduce the 75-mile radius to 25 miles.

(4) MCA retains the right to not list any tournament, free or paid, for just cause.  If a paid advertisement is not published payment will be returned (or another arrangement as agreed to by both parties). Just cause may include, but is not limited to, organizers who change the duration or existence of a listed tournament without published notice.  (90-02)


Forms: Permission is granted to copy all MCA tournament forms for educational use and MCA tournaments. (85-06)


Sanctioning Tournaments: The President or Vice President is empowered to bind MCA as the official organizer for non-MCA tournaments, and use MCA's USCF affiliation to sponsor the event, providing that the tournament is personally supervised by an officer of MCA or a member appointed by the President. No individual or group shall be assisted in this manner more than once, unless the MCA Board approves such additional assistance.  (84-01)


Vending: The President, or organizer or director, if designated by the President, is empowered to negotiate vending terms with vendors for each tournament in advance of that tournament.  (85-04)




TD Pay: The fee paid to the Tournament Director(s) for all MCA events will be $75 per day. The Michigan Open is considered a four-day event for determining TD fees. For the Michigan Open, two TDs will be hired all four days.   (01-10)

Membership Fees: Tournament Directors are required to turn in MCA memberships within 15 days of the tournament. Repeated violations will result in suspension of advertising privileges in Michigan Chess.  (91-15)


Supply Purchases: MCA officers and directors are empowered to purchase supplies without specific Board authorization for each purchase.   (82-02)

Magazine Report: The MCA will require the chief TD of all MCA tournaments to be responsible for providing a cross-table complete with tiebreaks and a list of prize winners to the Editor of Michigan Chess.  (88-02)